Plantar fasciitis condition is associated with heel pain and discomfort. It also causes inflammation and pain to the entire foot especially the plantar fascia region. This condition is causes by infliction of too much pressure on plantar fascia as one walks or runs. If it is not prevented or corrected early, it can cause difficulties during walking and running.
What are the Symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis?
There are many different conditions associated with feet. Thus, you may be unable to determine whether you are suffering from plantar fasciitis or another condition. However, there are several specific symptoms that are associated with plantar fasciitis. These include:
1) Consistent pain in the heel region
This pain makes walking or running difficult. It consistently troubles the victim until the condition is corrected.
2) Increased pain and discomfort while exercising
Eventually, running or walking becomes a hard task. At times, you may feel like missing your sessions in order to avoid the pain and discomfort. This pain may be more intense in the morning hours just after you wake up.
3) Inflammation of the heel and the plantar fascia
The condition interferes with the circulation system in the feet. Also, it causes discomfort through troubling the feet tissues and ligaments. This causes inflammation of the foot.
Other symptoms include:
4) Reddening of the bottom part of the foot and the heel region.
5) Stiffness of the ligaments and tissues.
What are the Causes of Plantar Fasciitis?
Our daily activities as well as some significant changes in the body structure may lead to the occurrence of the condition. However, some individuals have more susceptible feet to plantar fasciitis than others.
Wearing poor and unsupportive footwear is the main cause of plantar fasciitis. Footwear with high heels can lead to a change in the structure and functionality of plantar fascia ligament. Flat footwear such as sandals also increases the pressure inflicted on the plantar fascia. This causes planar fasciitis.
Foot problems such as high arches, over pronation, or flat feet can also predispose you to plantar fasciitis. Tight Achilles tendons may pull the heel and plantar fascia leading to inflammation and pain. Also, excessive exercising of the feet with the wrong footwear may increase your chances of contracting plantar fasciitis.
Change in the body structure such as obesity, pregnancy, or foot surgery may also interfere with your walking behavior. This may exert pressure on the plantar fascia, the heel, and the entire foot leading to pain and inflammation.
Plantar Fascia Treatment
There are two main methods that are used to treat this condition. They include:
1) Non-Surgical Treatment
The most common non-surgical treatments used include: foot icing, resting, calf strengthening, weight loss exercises, and use of light footwear are. Also, some individuals prefer using drugs such as NSAID and EWST to reduce pain, inflammation, and to correct the calf posture. Non-surgical means are effective in treating plantar fasciitis in its early moments.
2) Surgical Treatment
Mostly, surgical treatment is used to correct plantar fasciitis after failure of non-surgical means. Surgical operations involving removal of parts such as heel spur are done to a victim. However, this treatment takes longer time to heal and to deal with its results.
Plantar fasciitis is a common condition among people who are active in sports. However, it may also affect individuals who are experiencing certain changes in their body such as pregnancy, and increase in weight. Knowledge about symptoms, causes, and treatment of plantar fasciitis will help you in preventing and correcting this condition.